Li-Ion

 

 

lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging. Li-ion batteries use an intercalated lithium compound as one electrode material, compared to the metallic lithium used in a non-rechargeable lithium battery.

Lithium-ion batteries are common rechargeable batteries for portable electronics, with a high energy density, no memory effect (other than LFP cells)[9] and low self-discharge. LIBs are also growing in popularity for military, battery electric vehicle and aerospaceapplications.[10]

Chemistry, performance, cost and safety characteristics vary across LIB types. Handheld electronics mostly use LIBs based on lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO
2
), which offers high energy density but presents safety risks,[11] especially when damaged. Lithium iron phosphate(LiFePO
4
), lithium ion manganese oxide battery (LiMn
2O
4
Li
2MnO
3
, or LMO), and lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (LiNiMnCoO
2
or NMC) offer lower energy density but longer lives and less likelihood of fire or explosion. Such batteries are widely used for electric tools, medical equipment, and other roles. NMC in particular is a leading contender for automotive applications.

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