BATTERY POWERED LED POLICE BATON RED/GREEN ON/OFF AND FLAS

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BATTERY POWERED LED POLICE BATON RED/GREEN ON/OFF AND FLAS

BATTERY POWERED LED POLICE BATON, RED/GREEN, ON/OFF AND FLAS

baton or truncheon is a club of less than arm’s length made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal. They are carried for self-defense or riot control by law-enforcement officers, correctional staff, security-industry employees and military personnel. Other uses for truncheons and batons include crowd control or the dispersal of rioters.

A truncheon or baton may be used in many ways as a weapon. It can be used defensively to block; offensively to strike, jab, bludgeon; and it can aid in the application of armlocks. The usual striking or bludgeoning action is not produced by a simple and direct hit, as with an ordinary blunt object, but rather by bringing the arm down sharply while allowing the truncheon to pivot nearly freely forward and downward, so moving its tip much faster than its handle—effectively a slingshot or lever action, only without releasing. They have a common role to play, too, in the rescuing of trapped individuals—for instance, people caught in blazing cars or buildings—by smashing windows.

Some criminals use batons as weapons because of their easy concealment, other criminals use improvised batons, clubs or similar weapons, such as a weight placed in a sock. The use or carrying of batons or improvised clubs by people other than law enforcement officers is restricted by law in many countries.

In the Victorian era, police in London carried truncheons about one-foot long called billy clubs. According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, this name is first recorded in 1848 as slang for a burglars’ crowbar. The meaning “policeman’s club” is first recorded 1856. The truncheon acted as the policeman’s ‘Warrant Card‘ as the Royal Crest attached to it indicated the policeman’s authority. This was always removed when the equipment left official service (often with the person who used it). Earlier on the word was used in vulgar Latin (bastο—a stick helping walking,[1] from basta—hold).

The Victorian original has since developed into the several varieties available today. The typical truncheon is a straight stick made from wood or a synthetic material, approximately 1.25 inches (32 mm) in diameter and 18–36 inches (460–910 mm) long, with a fluted handle to aid in gripping. Truncheons are often ornamented with their organizations’ coats of arms. Longer truncheons are called “riot batons” because of their use in riot control. Truncheons probably developed as a marriage between the club or military mace and the staff of office/sceptre[citation needed].

Straight batons of rubber have a softer impact. Some of the kinetic energy bends and compresses the rubber and bounces off when the object is struck. Rubber batons are not very effective when used on the subjects arms or legs, and can still cause injury if the head is struck. That is why most police departments have stopped issuing it. The Russian police standard-issue baton is rubber, except in places such as Siberia, where it can be cold enough that the rubber may become brittle and break if struck. The traffic baton is red to make it more visible as a signaling aid in directing traffic. In Russia traffic batons are striped in black and white for the same reason, and in Sweden they are white. Until the mid-1990s, British police officers carried traditional wooden truncheons of a sort that had changed little from Victorian times. Since the late 1990s, the collapsible baton is issued except for public order duties, where a fixed, acrylic baton is used. Side-handled batons were issued for a while, but fell out of favour.

In New York, the police used to use two kinds of batons depending on the time. The one for daytime was called a day-stick and was 11 inches in length. Another baton, that was used at night, was 26 inches long and called a night-stick, which is the origin of the word “nightstick”. The night-stick was longer so it could provide extra protection which was thought to be necessary at night.

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